Times are Tough for New Mexican Rebels

April 8, 1862 (Tuesday) Since their tactical victory/strategic defeat at Glorieta Pass, New Mexico, the Confederates under General Henry Sibley had been celebrating/lamenting in Santa Fe. By the 4th of April, Sibley’s entire army, which had been scattered before the battle, was finally whole. The problem (and what turned the victory into a defeat) wasRead More

Buell and Grant Surprise the Rebels at Shiloh; Island No. 10 Falls

April 7, 1862 (Monday) General Grant tried to sleep, first under a tree near his men and then in a cabin that he found already occupied with the wounded. Through the night, Union transports and reinforcements arrived at Pittsburg Landing, bringing 25,000 much-needed men. Grant was certain that his line could withstand a Confederate attack.Read More

My God! We Are Attacked! Disorganized Surprise at Shiloh Church

April 6, 1862 (Sunday) The Confederate Army of Mississippi was exhausted. After three treacherous days of marching through cold mud and rain, all 40,000 of them lay quiet, flat against the soaked ground waiting for dawn and the call to attack. As the dawn cast its first light slivers across the eastern horizon, Generals AlbertRead More

General McClellan and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day

April 5, 1862 (Saturday) The previous day had been a good one for George Briton McClellan, commander of the Union Army of the Potomac. The Rebels to his front gave up ground quickly as he advanced two columns up the Virginia Peninsula. Though a division had been withheld from him a few days ago, heRead More

McClellan’s First Good Day is Also His Last

April 4, 1862 (Friday) Though the Confederates in the Shenandoah Valley and south of Washington had fallen back, Lincoln was still apprehensive over covering the capital. The Rebels had fallen back to Fredericksburg, Orange Court House and Mount Jackson (in the Valley), but Washington wasn’t fully aware of how many were where. So worried andRead More

Rebels Prepare to Attack Grant; McClellan Loses His First Corps

April 3, 1862 (Thursday) “There is no need of haste,” wrote General Ulysses S. Grant to the vanguard of his reinforcements, “come on by easy marches.” The Union armies of Generals Grant and Buell were about to unite after weeks of waiting. Grant and his command occupied Pittsburg Landing, along the Tennessee River, while Buell’sRead More

Confederates Gather at Corinth as Federals Struggle Along

March 29, 1862 (Saturday) Confederate General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was the hero of Fort Sumter, the hero of Manassas and, should he accept command of the western army, potential hero of the Mississippi. In the weeks since his arrival, Southern forces in Tennessee had taken great losses, starting with Forts Henry and Donelson, andRead More

Turner Ashby Takes the Yankees for a Ride; Grant Consolidates

March 19, 1862 (Wednesday) By the chilly dawn, Union troops had expeditiously thrown a flimsy bridge across Cedar Creek, just north of Strasburg, in the Shenandoah Valley. The previous day, they arrived just in time to see Turner Ashby’s Rebel cavalry, numbering near 700, set a torch to the bridge and exchange some artillery fire.Read More

Hunting Jackson in the Shenandoah

March 18, 1862 (Tuesday) One of the stipulations placed upon Union General George McClellan, when he was granted permission to move his Army of the Potomac from the entrenchments around Washington to the coastal Fortress Monroe, was that he had to leave an adequate number of troops to defend the capital. For the time being,Read More

General Grant Officially Restored to Field Command; Sherman All Wet

March 15, 1862 (Saturday) Feuds conducted via overland mail and telegraph lines necessarily crept slowly to resolution. The accusations leveled against Union General Ulysses S. Grant by his commander, General Halleck and supported by General-in-Chief George McClellan were slow to dissolve. Halleck had removed Grant from field command due to Grant’s lack of communication, hisRead More