Lincoln Was No ‘Damned Fool’ Under Fire

July 12, 1864 (Tuesday) Jubal Early had planned to attack the defenses north of Washington at first light, but word from his cavalry raiding near Baltimore stayed his hand. There were, he had learned, two full corps of Federal infantry en route from Petersburg. He again looked over the ground, but it was not toRead More

Early’s Rebels Arrive before Washington

July 11, 1864 (Monday) Washington was ringed to the north by a dozen or more forts, linked by embrasures, batteries, and trenches. These covered the approaches along the Georgetown Pike, running northwest out of the city toward Rockville, the Seventh Street Road, running north toward Silver Spring, and the Bladensburg Road, running northeast in theRead More

Washington Prepares for a Southern Visitor

July 10, 1864 (Sunday) As Lew Wallace’s Federals retreated from the battlefield along the Monocacy River, President Lincoln ordered him to fall back not to Washington, but toward Baltimore. It was still mostly unknown whether the Rebels under Jubal Early would strike for Washington, now to their southeast, or would move, instead, upon Baltimore. GeneralRead More

‘The Firing Became an Unbroken Roll’ – The Battle of Monocacy

July 9, 1864 (Saturday) Jubal Early, commanding the Rebel column that had marched down the Shenandoah Valley and crossed the Potomac River into Maryland was about to make its move on Washington. The Georgetown Pike, leading to the northern capital, crossed the Monocacy River just south of Frederick. Six miles upriver, the National Road crossed,Read More

We Must Have More Forces Here

July 7, 1864 (Thursday) Lt. Col. David Clendenin left Frederick, Maryland with the sunrise. Leading a column of 230 mounted men, and accompanied by two pieces of artillery, they rode northwest toward Middleton, along the National Road. The day previous, rumors held that Confederate cavalry had occupied the town. Clendenin had been sent by GeneralRead More

Jubal Early’s Raid Splinters into Absurdity

July 6, 1864 (Wednesday) Jubal Early had given up the idea that he could capture Harpers Ferry, and had begun to file troops across the Potomac River into Maryland. Using the crossing at Shepherdstown and a pontoon bridge at Antietam Ford, three full divisions, save one brigade, were across by the end of this day.Read More

A General Abandonment of the Road

July 3, 1864 (Sunday) By July 2nd, Jubal Early and his Army of the Valley had reached Winchester, Virginia. There, he received further orders from General Lee, whose own army was now besieged at Petersburg. Early was to remain in the lower (northern portion) of the Shenandoah Valley “until everything was in readiness to crossRead More

Jubal Early Steps Off!

June 28, 1864 (Tuesday) Confederate General Jubal Early had disposed of the Federal force under David Hunter, which was now scurrying west through the Kanawah Valley of West Virginia. Early had received notice from General Lee to forget about Hunter and focus on either moving north to threaten Washington or to rejoin the Army ofRead More